In 1589 William Lee of Calverton near Nottingham, England, invented the stocking frame knitting machine for the production of stockings.
When was the first knitting machine made?
William Lee, (born 1550?, Calverton, Nottinghamshire, England—died 1610?, Paris, France), English inventor who devised the first knitting machine (1589), the only one in use for centuries. Its principle of operation remains in use.
Who made knitting machines?
William Lee (inventor) William Lee (1563–1614) was an English clergyman and inventor who devised the first stocking frame knitting machine in 1589, the only one in use for centuries. Its principle of operation remains in use. Lee was born in the village of Calverton, Nottinghamshire.
When were stocking frame invented?
Stocking frame, Knitting machine invented in 1589 that produced a stocking stitch. Knitted fabrics are constructed by the interlocking of a series of loops made from one or more yarns, with each row of loops caught into the previous row; the stocking frame allowed production of a complete row of loops at one time.
In what country did hand knitted stockings become an industry?
The stocking frame was the first mechanical knitting machine and was invented by William Lee of Calverton, near Nottingham, in 1589. As its technology developed and the stocking frame became more refined and efficient, factories opened and the rural knitting industry began to die out in Britain.
What was the first knitting machine?
William Lee Invents the Stocking Frame Knitting Machine, the First Stage in the Mechanization of Textiles. In 1589 William Lee of Calverton near Nottingham, England, invented the stocking frame knitting machine for the production of stockings.
What were the first knitting needles made of?
The first needles were made of copper and looked more like hooks than needles. In other locations around the world, knitting needles have been found constructed from wood, ivory, bone, bamboo, amber and iron as well. They are also known as woods, skewers or wires depending where in the world they are found.
What country knits the most?
For a country known for its boiling hot weather it’s quite baffling, but that’s why we decided to find out which countries have the most knitters (calculated by the number of official knitting groups). Germany is a top one, with its long history of textile and crafts.
Who invented knitting by hand?
The Early Origins
The Historian Richard Rutt conservatively suggests that knitting originated in Egypt between 500 and 1200 A.D.. An independent researcher, Rudolf Pfister, discovered some fragments of knitted fabric in Eastern Syria.
Which came first knitting or crochet?
Knitted textiles survive from as early as the 11th century CE, but the first substantive evidence of crocheted fabric emerges in Europe during the 19th century. Earlier work identified as crochet was commonly made by nålebinding, a different looped yarn technique.
What is a stocking weaver?
The Stocking-Weaver: “Formerly stockings were made of cloths, or of milled stuffs sewed together; but since the invention of knitting and weaving stockings os silk, wool, cotton, thread, &c. … commonly wore cloth hose, except by accident he obtained a pair of silk stockings.
Why was the stocking frame invented?
A stocking frame was a mechanical knitting machine used in the textiles industry. It was invented by William Lee of Calverton near Nottingham in 1589. … It was adapted to knit cotton and to do ribbing, and by 1800 had been adapted as a lace making machine.
What is hand framed knitwear?
Hand-framing; refers to the construction process. For example, if you can imagine a frame, on which various parts of a sweater are placed, let’s say it’s an intarsia pattern, with lots of jewels. Once all the jewels are on the frame, they are put together by hand. Henceforth, a hand-framed sweater.
Where was the earliest knitted garment found?
The oldest knitted items have been found in Egypt and are dated between the 11th and 14th centuries AD. Spanish Christian royal families employed Muslim knitters and their works are the earliest known knitted items in Europe. They were very skillful and made many different items like cushion covers and gloves.
How does a knitting machine work?
Domestic knitting machines use the weft knitting method which produces a fabric similar to hand knitting. Knitting proceeds more quickly than in hand knitting, where (usually two) straight needles are held in the hand and each stitch is manipulated individually across the row.
What is Derby rib?
The first rib frame was invented by Jedediah Strutt of Derby in 1755, who used a second set of needles to pick up and knit the sinker loops of the first set. … It is now normally knitted with two sets of latch needles (Figures 7.7,7.8).