The dial settings run from 0 to 9, so 4.5 is generally the ‘default’ position for normal straight-stitch sewing. This should be suitable for most fabrics. If you are doing a zig-zag stitch, or another stitch that has width, then you may find that the bobbin thread is pulled through to the top.
When should I adjust the tension on my sewing machine?
When lower tension is too loose (or upper tension is too tight), knot is visible on right side (left). When upper tension is too loose (or lower tension is too tight), knot is visible on wrong side (right). Tensions can still need adjustment even if they’re balanced.
What tension should I use for cotton?
Cotton requires a moderate tension setting, usually between three and four. Always start adjusting your tension settings with your upper tension.
How does tension affect sewing?
The tension that controls the thread coming through the needle is too strong, pulling the bobbin thread to the top. The tension that controls the thread coming out of the bobbin is too weak, allowing the needle thread’s tension to take over.
How do I know if my sewing machine has the right tension?
Adjusting the bobbin thread tension
If the bobbin case falls a couple of inches, the tension is correct. If the bobbin case falls several inches, the bobbin tension is too loose. If the bobbin doesn’t fall at all, the bobbin tension is too tight. There is a small screw on the side of the bobbin.
Why is my thread bunching underneath?
A: Looping on the underside, or back of the fabric, means the top tension is too loose compared to the bobbin tension, so the bobbin thread is pulling too much top thread underneath. By tightening the top tension, the loops will stop, but the added tension may cause breakage, especially with sensitive threads.
What causes thread to bunch up when sewing?
What should I do if I experience thread bunching? As “thread bunching” occurs on the underside of the fabric, some people think it is due to the lower thread. They check whether the bobbin is sitting correctly in the bobbin case or even replace the bobbin. … On many models, the upper thread tension is set automatically.
What tension should I use for stretchy fabric?
For a stretchy fabric, it would be best if you set the upper tension level between 3-4. This adjustment is also a neutral level of tension setting. Step 5: Now, after you have attached the correct needle, stitch type, and tension setting, it is time to test the final stitch on your fabric.
What tension should I use for thin fabric?
The standard tension setting on most sewing machines is 5, which is ideal for the majority of fabrics, you will need to set it tighter for lightweight fabrics such as silk and chiffon and looser for heavier fabrics such as denim or canvas.
What size needle is best for sewing cotton?
The best needles for cotton fabric are medium-sized needles like 80/12, 90/14. They work well with quilting pieces of cotton, lightweight upholstery, denim, silk dupioni, and other fabrics with similar weight. The eye of the needle is sized for general sewing threads such as all-purpose polyester and 50-weight cotton.
How do you fix bobbin tension?
To tighten your bobbin tension, turn the tiny screw on the bobbin case a smidgen clockwise. To loosen bobbin tension, turn the screw counterclockwise. A quarter turn or less is a good place to start.
What should the tension be on a Brother sewing machine?
The standard tension setting is 4. Start with this, and based on what your test stitching looks like, tighten the tension (below 4) or loosen it (above 4). Typically on Brother machines, to loosen the upper thread tension, turn the dial left. To tighten it, turn the dial right (source).