Nap or napped fabric simply refers to a fabric that has a fluffy raised surface (also called pile) which generally goes in one direction. When you feel down fabric with a nap, it should feel smooth. If you stroke the pile in the opposite direction, it often feels rough.
What does it mean when a pattern says with or without nap?
A. To put it simply, a fabric without nap is a fabric that looks the same whatever way round you turn it. … When you look at a sewing pattern, think carefully about the fabric you intend to use. A ‘with nap’ pattern will help you to make sure you match up the pieces appropriately.
What does NAP mean in sewing?
Essentials for Sewing Velvet, Corduroy, and Other Fabrics
Since the 15th century, the term “nap” in sewing has referred to a special pile given to cloth. Pile refers to raised fibers that are there on purpose, rather than as a by-product of producing the cloth.
How do you find the nap of a fabric?
To determine if a fabric has nap, fold it right sides together matching the cut ends, then turn one corner back (1). Check that the layers look and feel exactly the same. If they don’t, the fabric has nap. If you still aren’t sure, use the cutting layout and sewing suggestions for nap fabric, just in case.
Why is it important for a designer to understand nap?
First of all, you need to understand the nap when you want to cut the napped fabric. You have to cut all pattern pieces IN THE SAME direction. … So it’s very important to test for nap direction before laying out the pattern pieces for cutting.
How should you lay out pattern pieces to avoid wasting fabric?
Answer: Your grain line is always parallel to the selvage. If your pattern piece should be lay lengthwise, crosswise or on the bias, the grainline will tell you (as well as the layout guide). Aid you in laying your pattern pieces on your fabric as straight as possible.
What does 45 and 60 mean on a sewing pattern?
It means the width of the fabric, some fabrics are 60″ wide and others are 45″ only, 45 inches wide is more common. Melissa.
What does Selvage mean in sewing patterns?
Selvage: The selvage is the tightly woven edge on either side of a width of fabric. The selvage doesn’t move or stretch the same as the rest of the fabric so you’ll want to cut them off (or square up) before cutting the rest of the fabric.
Can you use a without nap layout with napped fabric?
It is always better to have more than enough then not enough. Velvet, velveteen, velour, flannel, corduroy, terry cloth, chenille, mohair, and cashmere are some examples of napped fabrics. … Print fabrics without a nap should also be cut using the with nap layout so that the prints will all face in the same direction.
How do you cut fabric with a nap?
When you’re cutting a fabric with nap, you want to lay out all of your pattern pieces so that they face the same direction. This is called a one-directional layout. If not, you risk sewing two pieces together that, while cut from the same fabric, appear to be slightly different.
Does terry cloth have a nap?
Terry cloth has a nap, so make sure you are cutting pattern pieces in the appropriate direction.
How do you tell if fabric is 45 or 60?
Width: Find the width of your fabric. Typically this will be 44/45 or 58/60. The fabric on the bolt is folded in half so what you see is actually half the actual width. This measurement is important because it will change the yardage you need for your project.
Which is used for pressing nap fabric?
Flannelette is a cotton fabric that goes through this process. There are ways to ‘raise the nap’, most of which involve wire brushes such as raising cards. Originally, dried teasel pods were used and were still preferred for use on woollen cloth for a long time.
How long is a nap?
Aim to nap for only 10 to 20 minutes. The longer you nap, the more likely you are to feel groggy afterward. However, young adults might be able to tolerate longer naps. Take naps in the early afternoon.
What is a stay stitch?
Staystitching is a straight stitch sewn through one layer of fabric. It’s most often used around a curve to prevent distortion. This is because the curve cuts across the bias, the stretchiest part of the fabric. To see this in action, cut a curve out of some scrap fabric and then pull on it.